Spanish Subject Pronouns: Guide, Chart, Examples & Practice

Spanish subject pronouns

Spanish subject pronouns are a type of pronoun that refer to subjects of the sentence, in English they are I, you, he, she, you, we, they and it, in Spanish they are yo (I), tú (you), él (he), ella (she), nosotros (we), ustedes (you all), ellos (they), and ellas (they). 

For example, in the sentence “Maria is smart” the subject “Maria” can be replaced with “She“. Maria is smart- She is smart, in Spanish it would be “Maria es inteligente” – “Ella es inteligente.”

Other example is “The tree grows fast” – “It grows fast”, “The dog is fed” – “It’ fed”

These pronouns are necessary to build Spanish sentences, and they are typically placed at the beginning of a sentence. In some cases, subject pronouns can be omitted in Spanish, unlike in English, but they are used to emphasize or clarify the subject in certain situations.


Chart showing the spanish subject pronouns in spanish and english with pronuciation in spanish and differences between tu and usted.

Examples and sentences

  • Yo quiero aprender ingles. – I want to learn Spanish.
  • Tú eres muy alto. – You are very tall.
  • Él es un buen vecino. – He is a good neighbour.
  • Ella toma café. – She drinks coffee.
  • Nosotros amamos la comida mexicana. We love Mexican food.
  • Ustedes son locos. – You are crazy.
  • Ellos están enamorados. – They are in love.
  • Es un árbol. – It is a tree.

How and when to use the subject pronouns in Spanish

Subject pronouns are commonly used at the beginning of a Spanish sentence to refer to the subject. Sometimes, they can be omitted if the subject is clear from the context. They need to be used in the following cases:

  1. After some propositions to emphasize the subject

    ¿Y qué van a hacer ustedes?- What will you do?

    Ella sí que es talentosa. – She is really talented.

  2. After the verb “Ser”.

Soy yo. – It’s me.

  1. To point out 

¿Quién quiere comer?,  Él – Who wants to eat?, Him

  1. For more clarity or contrast

Ellas estudiaron, pero ustedes no. – They studied but you didn’t.

  1.     To compare

Él hace más ejercicio que . – He workouts more than you do.

  1. After some propositions

Según . – According to you.

Omission of the subject

In Spanish, subject pronouns can be left out because the verb conjugation shows who the subject is, whereas in English, they are always necessary. 

For example, “Ella come ensalada” means “She eats salad”, and the subject pronoun “ella” is clearly being used. However, in Spanish, you can also say “Come ensalada” whose literal translation is “Eats salad”, since the verb conjugation “come” indicates that the subject is third person singular, either “él” (he) or “ella” (she).

Ella come ensalada. – She eats salad

Come ensalada. – You can’t say eats salad, you need to say the pronoun, in this case, it’s “she”.

Singular and plural forms

The plural forms of some subject pronouns, such as nosotros and ellos change based on the gender of the subjects, while others, like yo and , remain the same. Additionally, Spanish has different pronouns for formal and informal situations, such as tú (informal) and usted (formal).

  • The pronouns “yo”, “tú”, “él”, and “ella” are singular and remain the same regardless of the gender of the subject. 

  • Yo juego video juegos  – I play video games
  •  eres hermosa – You are beautiful
  • Él es buen cocinero – He is a good cook
  • Ella es maestra – She is a teacher
  • The pronouns “nosotros” and “ellos” are plural and change according to the gender of the subjects. “Nosotros” is used when referring to males or both males and females, while “nosotras” is used only for females. “Ellos” is used when referring to males or both males and females, while “ellas” is used only for females.



When you talk about males only, or both males and females at the same time. (Neutral)


If you refer to females only.




If you talk about males only, or both males and females at the same time. (Neutral)


If you talk about females only.



  • Nosotros somos amigos (m; m/f) – We are friends.
  • Nosotras somos amigas (f) – We are friends.
  • Ellos estaban aquí (m;m/f)- Theywerehere.
  • Ellas estaban aquí (f)- Theywerehere.

m: Male;  f: Female; m/f: Both genders

  • Ustedes, Vosotras/Vosotras. When talking to more than one person, “ustedes” is used in Latin America to refer to both males and females. In Spain, “vosotros” is used when addressing males or both males and females, while “vosotras” is used only for females.

Ustedes (Latin America)

When you talk to several persons, no matter their gender.

Vosotros, Vosotras (Spain)

  • Vosotros: When you talk to males only, or both males and females at the same time. (Neutral)
  • Vosotras: If you talk to females only.


Vosotros estabais en Madrid (m – m/f) – You were in Madrid.

Vosotras estabais en Madrid (f) – You were in Madrid.

Tú and Usted

In Spanish, there are different ways to say “you” in singular: “tú” (informal), “usted” (formal), and “vos” (in some countries). The choice of which one to use depends on the kind of relationship you have with the person you’re talking to, the age differences between the speakers and the regional variations in Latin American Spanish or Spanish from Spain.

  • Tú. It’s used for casual interactions or relationships, such as with friends, relatives, or young people.
  • Usted. It’s more formal and used for relationships like with a boss, someone you don’t know, or someone much older.
  • Vos. Vos” is used in Argentina, Uruguay, Paraguay, and a few regions of Colombia and Venezuela.

Learn more: Tú vs Usted


Spanish subjet pronouns chart complete information and summary of lesson


We (Only male or both male and female)

We (Only females)

They (Only male or both male and female)

They (Only females)

If you're talking to your brother, you use Tú or Usted?

To talk to your teacher, you use

You (A group of people in Latin America)

You (Group of male and female in Spain)

You (2 or more females in Spain)

.Think about people you know and assign them their corresponding subject pronoun.
Example:  Mother =Ella, Family as a whole= Ellos, Group of friend if you were in Spain= Vosotros.

2.Write 10 or more sentences using the Spanish Subject Pronouns, write one for each subject pronoun and variations (Tú, usted, Spain, Latin America)

Spanish Vocabulary and list of basic and popular or frequently used words in Spanish with pronunciation for basic onversation

Read next